Trichomonas vaginalis is a single-celled parasite, one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases, infecting not only women but also men. When it infects women, it reproduces in the vagina, and it also invades the urethra and cervix. It also affects the health of newborns through pregnant women. In men, Trichomonas lurks in the prostate, waiting for the opportunity to infect others. The biggest difficulty in the prevention and treatment of Trichomonas vaginalis is the asymptomatic infected patients, especially male patients, so couples or male and female friends must be treated together to avoid cross-infection. Fortunately, the treatment is not difficult, just take targeted antibiotics can be cured.
Trichomonas vaginalis is a single-celled parasite and one of the common STDs that infects not only women but also men. When it infects women, it reproduces in the vagina and can also travel up the urethra and cervix. It may also affect the health of newborns through pregnant women. Trichomonas can lurk in a man’s prostate, waiting for an opportunity to infect others.
The biggest difficulty in the control of Trichomonas vaginalis is asymptomatic infection, especially male patients. So, couples or boyfriends and girlfriends must be treated together to avoid cross infection. Fortunately, treatment is not difficult. You just need to take targeted antibiotics to cure it.
Trichomonas vaginalis incubation period
From 4 days to 20 days
According to the World Health Organization, as of 2016, an estimated 110 million people worldwide (0.6% of men, 5.3% of women, 15-49 years old) suffer from Trichomonas vaginalis infection, and about 150 million new infections occur every year (42 men in men). /40/1000 women per 1,000 people) rising rapidly. 70-80% of men and 50% of women have no symptoms.
Symptoms of Trichomonas vaginalis
About 70% of people with Trichomonas vaginalis have no symptoms. When symptoms of trichomoniasis appear, they can range from mild irritation to severe inflammation. In some people, symptoms appear 5-28 days after infection. In others, symptoms appeared much later. Symptoms may appear and then disappear.
Common symptoms of Trichomonas vaginalis infection
Trichomonas vaginalis infection symptoms in men
- Itching and discomfort in the penis
- tingling when urinating or ejaculating
- frequent urination
- Unusual discharge from the urethral opening*
Trichomonas vaginalis infection symptoms in women
- Vaginal itching and discomfort
- Unusual, unusual and foul-smelling vaginal discharge
- tingling when urinating
Transmission of Trichomonas vaginalis
Trichomonas vaginalis can be transmitted through unsafe sex and can cause urinary tract infections in men and vaginal or urinary tract infections in women. Trichomonas vaginalis infection of the oral cavity and anus is uncommon, but can still occur. Pregnancy or women who are found to have Trichomonas vaginalis infection can lead to premature birth and loss of newborn weight.
Trichomonas vaginalis prevention method
During sex, whether it is vaginal, anal or oral sex, condoms must be used correctly and consistently to prevent Trichomonas vaginalis infection.
Trichomonas vaginalis test
Trichomoniasis is difficult to diagnose based on symptoms alone. For both men and women, a healthcare provider can examine you and use laboratory tests to diagnose trichomoniasis.
Trichomonas vaginalis infection Prevention
- Safe sex: Sexual intercourse is the most important route of transmission of Trichomonas vaginalis. Wearing a condom during intercourse cannot be avoided 100%, because the coverage area of condoms is limited, but it can significantly reduce the risk of infection. And be careful not to use oil-based lubricants, which may dissolve the condom and cause damage to the condom.
- Good habit of using public sanitary utensils: Although indirect infection is relatively rare, try to avoid direct contact with public utensils. It is best to disinfect the toilet lid of public toilets with alcohol first, or wipe or pad the toilet lid with toilet paper, which can reduce the risk of infection. When soaking in hot springs, swimming pools, and bathhouses, you should try not to directly touch the bottom of the public area with your buttocks, and avoid sharing bath towels with others.
- Do not perform frequent vaginal lavage, it is easy to flush out the beneficial bacteria (lactic acid bacteria) that maintain the weak acidity of the female vagina, and make the vaginal environment neutral, which will be more conducive to the reproduction of Trichomonas vaginalis. Similarly, excessive use of sterilization products may also lead to the disappearance of lactic acid bacteria, causing the vaginal environment to become favorable for the growth of Trichomonas vaginalis, thus causing diseases.
Treatment of Trichomonas vaginalis
Trichomonas vaginalis infection can be cured with oral antibiotics. Alcohol consumption is not recommended for 24 hours after taking the medicine. You should not have sex until the infection has fully recovered. Your sexual partner should also be tested (and treated if necessary), even if they are not showing symptoms of infection, or you could become infected again.
Trichomonas vaginalis superinfection
People who have been treated for trichomoniasis can become reinfected. About 1 in 5 people re-infected within 3 months of being treated. To avoid reinfection, make sure all your sexual partners are treated. Also, you should not have sex with your partner for 7-10 days after treatment. If symptoms recur, get tested again and seek doctor’s advice.
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